Turnaround – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Screenwriting Glossary Terms

What is a Turnaround in screenwriting?

In screenwriting, a turnaround refers to a specific camera movement where the camera rotates 180 degrees around a subject or scene. This movement can be used to reveal new information, change the perspective of the audience, or create a dramatic effect. Turnarounds are commonly used in film and television to transition between scenes or emphasize a particular moment in the story.

How is a Turnaround used in a screenplay?

A turnaround in a screenplay is typically indicated in the script with specific camera directions, such as “CAMERA TURNS AROUND” or “PAN AROUND THE ROOM.” This helps the director and cinematographer understand how the scene should be shot and how the camera movement will enhance the storytelling.

Turnarounds can be used to create suspense, build tension, or highlight a key moment in the story. By rotating the camera around a subject or scene, the audience’s perspective is shifted, allowing them to see things from a different angle and gain new insights into the characters and plot.

What are the different types of Turnarounds?

There are several different types of turnarounds that can be used in a screenplay, each serving a specific purpose in the storytelling process. Some common types of turnarounds include:

– Static Turnaround: The camera remains stationary while the subject or scene rotates, creating a sense of disorientation or unease.
– Tracking Turnaround: The camera moves along with the subject or scene as it rotates, providing a dynamic and immersive viewing experience.
– Whip Pan Turnaround: A quick and sudden camera movement that creates a dramatic effect and adds energy to the scene.
– Slow Motion Turnaround: The camera rotates at a slower pace, allowing the audience to savor the moment and appreciate the details of the scene.

Each type of turnaround can be used to convey different emotions, enhance the pacing of the story, or emphasize a particular moment in the screenplay.

When should a Turnaround be used in a screenplay?

Turnarounds should be used in a screenplay when they serve a specific purpose in the storytelling process. They can be used to transition between scenes, reveal new information, create a dramatic effect, or highlight a key moment in the story.

Turnarounds are most effective when they are used sparingly and strategically, as excessive use can detract from the overall impact of the scene. It is important for screenwriters to carefully consider when and how to incorporate turnarounds into their scripts to ensure they enhance the storytelling and engage the audience.

How can a Turnaround enhance the storytelling in a screenplay?

A well-executed turnaround can enhance the storytelling in a screenplay by providing a unique perspective on the characters and plot. By rotating the camera around a subject or scene, the audience is able to see things from a different angle, gaining new insights and understanding of the story.

Turnarounds can also create a sense of movement and energy in a scene, adding visual interest and depth to the storytelling. They can be used to build suspense, reveal hidden details, or emphasize a key moment in the story, making the audience more engaged and invested in the narrative.

What are some examples of successful Turnarounds in film and television?

One of the most famous examples of a turnaround in film is the iconic shot from Alfred Hitchcock’s “Vertigo,” where the camera rotates around the protagonist as he looks down from a bell tower. This shot not only creates a sense of vertigo and disorientation but also reveals the character’s inner turmoil and psychological state.

In television, the hit series “Breaking Bad” often used turnarounds to highlight key moments in the story, such as when Walter White’s transformation from a mild-mannered chemistry teacher to a ruthless drug kingpin is emphasized through a dramatic camera movement.

Overall, turnarounds are a powerful tool in screenwriting that can enhance the storytelling, create visual interest, and engage the audience in a unique and compelling way. By understanding how to effectively use turnarounds in a screenplay, writers can elevate their storytelling and create memorable and impactful cinematic experiences.